Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest
Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest

Biodiversity is most simply defined as the variety of life on earth. All living things interact with one another in some form, having evolved over millions of years to form complex inter-relationships that are integral to ecosystem function. Protecting and enhancing biodiversity is essential for the long-term sustainability of nature and our way of life. Despite the small size, isolation and relatively degraded condition of the City of Canada Bay’s natural environment, the area retains a surprisingly diverse range of plants (Flora) and native animals (Fauna).

Studies carried out by ecological consultants in 2002/2003 revealed that there are a total of 159 different plant species that are unique to the lower Parramatta River area present in the City of Canada Bay, including one vulnerable plant species called Narrow-leaved Wilsonia (Wilsonia backhousii) and three endangered ecological communities, these are:

  • Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest.
  • Coastal Saltmarsh in the Sydney Basin Bioregion.
  • Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest.

The studies found that there are 11 species of native mammal; 86 species of native birds; seven native lizards, one freshwater turtle and six native frog species within the City of Canada Bay. It is highly that likely that a more comprehensive natural area survey would reveal an even greater number of species.

For further information regarding the City's biodiversity, the following documents are available to download:

Despite our relatively long history of European Australian occupation in the area, and the scale of landscape modification over the last two hundred years, there still remain a number of types of natural areas types including threatened species in the City of Canada Bay.

Threatened species

Threatened species are plants and animals that are recognised as being at risk of extinction in the wild. In NSW, these native plants and animals are protected and their recovery managed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. The City of Canada Bay provides habitat for three Endangered Ecological Communities (EECs) and one vulnerable plant species. The Local Government Area may also provide foraging habitat to vulnerable bat and frog species that are known to occur in the adjoining Bicentennial Park.

Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest

Coastal Saltmarsh

Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest

Vulnerable Plant Species


Page last updated on: 31/08/17